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AP Biology Curriculum

  The AP Biology covers many similar topics as in regular Biology, except each subjects will be covered in depth and new concepts will be introduced.

  1. The concept of cellular organization
    • To know the structure and function of the organelles found within the cells of plants and animals
    • Understand the composition and function of the cell membrane and the different forms of transport into the cell through the cell membrane (include water potential, ion channels, and the proton pump).
    • Explain the four levels of cellular development (cellular, tissue, organ & system)
  2. How do Plant and Animal cells compare?
    • Discuss the differences between the organelles of the plant and animal cells
    • Introduce the communication process between cells (gap junction and pili)
  3. What is the Cell Theory and what are its exceptions?
    • How was the cell theory developed (include the following persons, Jansen, Van Leeunhoek, Schleiden, Schwann, Hooke, Brown and Virchow)?
    • What were the important technological advancements helping to bring about the development of a cell theory?
    • What are the statements making up the theory?
    • What are the three exceptions to the cell theory?
  4. What are the Life Functions necessary for an organism to be classified as living?
    • How do we recognize the 10 functions all organisms must perform in order to be considered alive (MRS GREAT RN)?
    • How does an organism maintain Homeostasis?
  5. Introduction to the interactions of living things with their non-living environment.
    • Explain the relationship between the Biotic and Abiotic environments
    • What are the three types of ecological pyramids and how are they important to understanding an ecosystem (include the concepts of biomass, biomagnification, energy loss between trophic levels)?
    • Describe how carrying capacity impacts a population living within a community.
    • Describe the three major types of population density (clumped, random and distributed).
    • How does one type of organism replace another over time within the ecosystem (succession)?
  6. How do Plants obtain their nutrition (Autotrophic Nutrition)?
    • Discuss the importance of photosynthesis.
    • How does photosynthesis occur?
    • How is chemosynthesis different from photosynthesis?
  7. How do Animals obtain their nutrition (Heterotrophic Nutrition)?
    • How does the animal depend on the plant and other animals for a source of nutrition (food chain and food web)?
  8. Introduction to Biochemistry (Atomic Theory, Bonding [valance electrons, types of bonds], Acids and Bases
    • How is the atomic theory important to the understanding of basic chemistry?
    • How does the understanding of the Bohr atom help in understanding of bonding?
    • What are the three types of bonding found in chemistry?
    • How are radioactive isotopes used in medicine?
    • Describe the importance of understanding the concept of bonding and biology?
    • How are acids and bases chemically different?
    • How do we measure the relative strengths and weakness of acids and bases?
  9. What are the elements of organic chemistry?
    • What makes a chemical compound organic?
    • How are organic compounds synthesized (dehydration synthesis)?
    • How are organic compounds broken apart (hydrolysis)?
  10. How does cellular respiration occur?
    • How is respiration important to the organism?
    • What is the difference between respiration and breathing?
  11. How does aerobic and anaerobic respiration compare?
    • What is aerobic respiration?
    • What is anaerobic respiration?
    • How do these two forms of cellular respiration compare?
    • How does the Krebs cycle function during the process of aerobic respiration?
    • How is the Electron Transport Chain important to the process of respiration?
  12. How does photosynthesis occur?
    • What is photosynthesis?
    • How is photosynthesis affected by the Abiotic environment?
    • How is the Calvin cycle different in C4 and CAM plants?
    • What are some of the limiting factors affecting photosynthesis?
  13. What makes up an Ecosystem?
    • Describe the different types of Abiotic factors found in every ecosystem.
    • How do Abiotic factors impact the performance of the biotic factors?
    • How are the habitat and niche important to organisms within a community?
  14. What is the relationship between symbiosis and interspecies competition?
    • How is mutualism different from commensalisms and parasitism?
    • How does having two related species with the same niche and habitat effect each of the species living within the same habitat?
    • How are Biomes important to understanding of how Abiotic systems can impact an ecosystem?
  15. How have Human activities impacted the environment?
    • What are some activities of humans that have cause a negative impact on the environment?
    • What are some human activities that have had a positive impact on the environment?
  16. How do the representative organisms maintain homeostasis?
    • What are the six Kingdoms of the Classification System (Archeobacteria, Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia)?
    • What are some examples of organisms found in each of the six Kingdoms of classification?
    • How does each organism in every Kingdom perform homeostasis?